Un Chien Andalou (1929)
This week on The Spectator Film Podcast…
Un chien andalou (1929) 2.1.19
Featuring: Austin, Maxx
Commentary #1 begins at 29:00
Commentary #2 begins at 49:02
— Notes —
- Un chien andalou (1929) — Here’s the link to the version we watched online.
- Un Chien Andalou: French Film Guide by Elza Adamowicz — Here’s a fantastic introduction to Un chien andalou and the context in which it was made. Given the movie’s status as a cinematic landmark, there’s an abundance of accompanying scholarly work; lots of these resources can be a little convoluted – but not this book. We’ll include some relevant quotes below:
- On the Psychic Automatism Technique
“The surrealist technique consciously adopted by Buñuel and Dalí to produce the screenplay was that automatism… They freely adopted Surrealism’s ‘recipe’ for producing an automatic text or drawing: take a blank sheet of paper or canvas, clear your mind of any preconceived theme or story, and write or draw anything that comes to mind, guarding against the intervention of reason” (9).
“Buñuel and Dalí’s conscious and self-consciously mechanistic application of surrealist automatic techniques suggests a playful imitation of automatism… The claim that the script was produced quite spontaneously is further called into question when we consider Buñuel and Dalí’s extensive knowledge of the cinema, and their experience in film production (Buñuel) and painting (Dalí). Indeed the deliberate eschewing of rational discourse on the one hand, and the pastiche and playful quoting of 1920’s films on the other, suggest that the film was conceived in a dadaist spirit of pastiche and parody as much as genuine surrealist engagement with the exploration of the unconscious”(10).
- On Un chien andalou‘s ability to disorient the viewer
“Such disruptions defamiliarize perception and destabilize the spectator, who is assaulted not only indirectly through the formal and narrative techniques enumerated above, but also quite directly, as in the violence of the eye-slitting scene… the confrontation with the female character as the active subject of the gaze. The spectator’s initial passivity – encouraged by the intertitle ‘Once upon a time’ – is violently disrupted through the literal assault on her own eye” (42)
“The formal strategies of defamiliarization outlined above – the film’s ellipses and interpolated shots, its spatial incongruities, irrational associations, rhythmic structures, fragmentation – impede naturalization. As a consequence normal perception of narrative as an organizing principle – the (chrono)logical succession of events, the verisimilitude of actions and characters – is impossible, and the processes of cinematic narration are foregrounded. In Un chien andalou the absence of diegetic coherence disorients the viewer.” (42-43)
“With its literal visual aggression, the opening sequence shakes the viewing subject out of her passive mode of perception. Such an assault on stable spectatorial positions disrupts the symbolic order, problematizing standard consumption of the film, and allowing the irrational to express itself. Deprived of a firm anchor in a familiar narrative, the viewer is disoriented and hence open to the poetic qualities of the film. As a consequence the mind seeks alternative forms of linking” (43)
- On the Psychic Automatism Technique
- “Un Chien Andalou” by Michael Koller from Senses of Cinema
- “Buñuel, Luis” by Dominique Russell from Senses of Cinema — One of Senses of Cinema‘s fantastic Great Director profiles.
- Visionary Film: The American Avant-Garde, 1943-2000 by P. Adams Sitney [3rd Ed.] — This is certainly one of the most insightful books ever written about movies. Regardless of your interest in Un chien andalou, we highly recommend this book. While Sitney doesn’t set out to examine Un chien andalou specifically, he discusses it alongside Meshes of the Afternoon (1943) in the opening chapter and his thoughts are fantastic.